Harvesting Sea Salt — The Canadian Way
Vancouver Island Artisan Sea Salt

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
January 20, 2017

Hand-harvested Canadian sea salt pours from the harvester's hands.
In waters off the coast of British Columbia, a small number of culinary-minded farmers are doing what people dwelling near the sea have done for thousands of years—harvesting sea salt.
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Sultans of Salt
Harvesting Sea Salt on Vancouver Island

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
January 20, 2017


Jeff Abel takes us on a tour of Saltwest Naturals Sea Salt Harvestry on Vancouver Island, where he and his partner, Jessica Abel, use steam evaporation to harvest flaked fleur de sel and fine grain sea salt. The tour includes a look into Saltwest’s unique solar greenhouses, which produce sun-dried sea salt—a rarity in Canada’s Pacific maritime climate.
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Rosemary Sea Salt Crackers
Make the Basics: Homemade Flatbread Crackers

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
January 4, 2017

RECIPE

Crisp rosemary sea salt crackers capture the delicious taste of the best artisan bakery flatbreads. With accents of lemon, rosemary and flaky sea salt (seriously addictive!), these homemade crackers will quickly become favourites for every day and special occasions.

Homemade crackers are surprisingly easy to make and cost only a fraction of the price of the crackers you buy at the store. Baking at home, you can use high-quality ingredients, make and freeze batches, and experiment with flavours of your choice. Fresh from the oven, I predict you’ll be eating these before they have a chance to cool.

Fresh homemade rosemary sea salt crackers
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Can Local Agriculture Drive Economic Development?
Surrey Study Shows What is Possible

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
December 6, 2016

fresh vegetables at a farmers marketBritish Columbians often give several reasons why local food is the best choice for everyone: Locally grown food tastes better, has greater nutritional value, protects the environment, strengthens genetic diversity, and develops the local economy. The last point raises an important question. How much can local agriculture do for a local economy?

A comprehensive study released in 2013 by the Institute for Sustainable Food Systems at Kwantlen Polytechnic University delivered a definitive answer—local agriculture can do a lot.
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How Oregano Can Help Fight Global Warming
Culinary Herb Reduces Cow Belches and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
November 29, 2016

oregano, a culinary herb that can help reduce methane emissionsCan a simple herb help fight global warming? The aromatic herb oregano, a staple in most modern kitchens, commonly meets our taste buds mixed with tomato sauce as a topping on pizza. This versatile plant’s virtues, however, extend beyond the kitchen into human and animal medicine. In 400 B.C., the Greek physician Hippocrates used oregano as an antiseptic and an aid to digestion.

Flash forward to today where oregano has emerged as a promising digestive aid for cattle. If you think this is not a major issue, consider the numbers. According to a UN report, livestock worldwide release 80 million metric tonnes of methane into the atmosphere. In the United States each year, 100 million cattle release 5.5 million metric tonnes of methane into the atmosphere — a significant 20 percent of U.S. methane emissions.
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10 Plants that Help Bees through the Winter
Four Season Garden

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
October 29, 2016

You can help bees through the winter by growing plants and flowering trees that bloom during the colder seasons. (Article and plant guide continue below slideshow.)

Cornflower, also called Bachelor’s Button, blooms in late spring and continues until November or longer if weather is mild. This self-seeding annual is a good source of nectar, and attracts bees and other pollinators with its intense blue flowers.
Calendula (Pot Marigold) reliably blooms into November in coastal areas. Cut back spent flowers for continued blooms. In mild years with no hard frost, calendula blooms all winter and provides cheerful early spring flowers for bees.
Borage is a hardy annual herb that flowers in June or July and continues into November. Borage does not survive a hard frost. Bees and other pollinators are attracted by the bright blue star-shaped flowers.
Yarrow's tiny close-packed flower clusters provide nectar for pollinators. Yarrow blooms from spring to November. Cut back the flowers after their first bloom for continued flowering. In mild years with no hard frost, yarrow will bloom in winter.
Rosemary has small blue flowers that attract bees. Rosemary blooms at different times of the year, often in March, April or November. Prune this shrub after flowering, but not back to the bare wood. Flowers appear only on new wood.
Primrose, a hardy perennial likes a cool, well-drained growing area. Long regarded as a herald of spring. In south coast BC, primrose blooms from midwinter to spring, with a reprise in October or November.
Heather brings colour in winter with tiny flowers that attract honey bees and bumblebees. This hardy perennial typically buds in November, however an established heather plant can bloom from September to May.
Oregon Grape <i>(Mahonia aquifolium),</i> a tall evergreen native shrub with prickly, holly-like leaves, is a good early attractor for bees and other pollinators. Sprays of small yellow flowers bloom anytime from November through March.
Crocus, Snowdrop and Hyacinth bulbs provide early nectar and pollen for honey bees. The flowers often open in late January and February, providing some of the earliest blooms of the season.
Early blooming fruit trees such as cherry and apple trees flower in February. With each tree bearing hundreds of flowers, they provide a large concentrated food source for pollinators.
 
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Cornflower, also called Bachelor’s Button, blooms in late spring and continues until November or longer if weather is mild. This self-seeding annual is a good source of nectar, and attracts bees and other pollinators with its intense blue flowers.


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Herb Roasted Cipollini Onions
Caramelized sweet autumn onions

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
October 8, 2016

Topping my list of favourite fall foods are sweet, saucer-shaped cipollini onions. Cipollinis, whose name means “little onions,” come in white and red varieties. Cipollinis’ sweet, mellow flavour and diminutive flattened shape make them an excellent choice for roasting.

herb roasted cipollini onions
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Baking up Gluten-Free Flavour
Taste Innovations at Origin Bakery

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
September 13, 2016

At Origin Bakery, the only dedicated gluten-free bakery in Victoria BC, Marion Scott and Tara Black are transforming the way we taste alternative grains. They’re also doing what comes naturally to pastry chefs, but is so rare in the world of gluten-free: baking up delicious from-scratch breads, cakes and pastries that recreate the taste and texture of traditional baked goods.

Origin Bakery is not like the majority of gluten-free bread and cake bakers. “Almost all of them are using a very set style of ingredients,” said Tara Black, Origin co-founder and pastry chef. “What we do is very different. Every single product here is made with its own specific recipe.”
(Article continues below video.)

Video: Gluten-Free from Scratch at the Origin Bakery



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Know Your Flour: Traditional and Gluten-Free
A Guide to Alternative Flour

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
September 6, 2016

traditional and alternative gluten-free floursWhether you use traditional or gluten-free flour, you’ve probably noticed that all flours are not the same. Made from grains, nuts, legumes, roots and seeds, they vary in texture, flavour, density and nutritional make-up. Knowing the qualities of different flours will help you choose the best for the bread, cake, muffin, cookie, pastry, pasta, or sauce you want to make.

The guide below outlines the uses and attributes of traditional and alternative gluten-free flours.
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Vegan Mayonnaise
Make the Basics: Homemade Recipes for Everyday Staples

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
July 19, 2016

RECIPE

This vegan mayonnaise is fresh, easy to make and much cheaper than the eggless mayo you buy at the grocery store. Knowing how to make mayonnaise is a satisfying skill, with advantages. The mayo you make at home has no preservatives or hidden ingredients, and tastes delicious!

You can mix up this mayo in minutes with a hand blender or a regular blender, and adjust the salt level and other seasonings to your taste.

A jar of eggless vegan mayonnaise
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Creating Microclimates to Protect Plants
Four Season Garden: Gardening for Climate Change

by BC Farms & Food  -  Permalink
June 27, 2016

Microclimates in the garden can protect plants from fluctuating weather.

A vegetable garden surrounded by wind-protecting trellises that create a warm microclimate for plants.

Pea and bean trellises create a microclimate that protects these vegetable plants from the wind.

Climate change is bringing a new challenge of weather extremes to gardeners and farmers across North America. The predictable weather patterns we knew and counted on are becoming more unpredictable. One week the weather is hot and sunny—perfect for tomato transplants. The next week a cold wind pushes over young plants and chills their roots. It’s confusing to the plants, and to the growers too.

Adapting your growing area to protect young plants from heat, drought, wind, rain, and cold is a key to growing successfully. You can do this by creating microclimates that offer protection to vulnerable plants.

Microclimates are small areas that have different growing conditions from the surrounding region. Sun traps, wind buffers, and radiant heat producers create microclimates that shelter plants from cold. In drought conditions, a cool microclimate affords shade and water retention to minimize heat stress.

How to Use Microclimates to Protect Plants from Changing Weather


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